Art Therapy involves the individual to use painting, drawing, collage and other techniques to represent their emotions. Therapists study the behavior, work rate and rhythm, the types of lines drawn, and the colors used.
Popular therapeutic methods include:
Squiggle drawing (often used with children)
Blob and wet paper technique
Kinetic family drawing technique
Music Therapy engages individuals to use music in a variety of ways such as playing music, beating a drum, and listening to and sharing songs. This encourages emotional expression in a non-threatening environment. Through music therapy, individuals can learn how to self-adjust their emotions and form social connections.
During music therapy, music is processed in all areas of the brain and can stimulate areas that may not be accessible through other modalities. Research shows that music both enhances and optimizes the brain, which in return provides better and more efficient therapy and healing. It also improves the performance of cognitive, motor, and speech/language skills.
Dance and body movement therapies often start with the individual learning how to relax their body and then slowly increasing movement and contact with other individuals. Expressive, communicative and adaptive behaviors are all a part of group and individual treatments.
The four stages of dance/movement therapy are:
Preparation- also known as the warm-up stage, a safe space is established without obstacles or any distractions. A supportive relationship is formed and participants are taught to become comfortable and familiar with moving with their eyes closed.
Incubation- a leader verbally prompts an individual to go into subconscious, unrestricted imagery that is used to create an internal, relaxed environment.
Illumination- through this process, which involves conscious awareness via dialogue and self-reflection, the participant reveals and resolves subconscious motivations.
Evaluation- where the individual discusses insights and the significance of the process, prepares to end the therapy session.